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Bone Flute

The bone flute is maybe one of the oldest instruments ever known.

There have been findings since the Paleolithic and there are concrete traces of its use even in medieval times.

Each bone is somewhat different, so there is no schematic or serial way to work it; this involves the uniqueness of each flute.

Gemshorn

The origin of Gemshorn is still much discussed, it is described by Sebastian Virdung in 1511. However, although its origins are known to be very ancient, the precise moment of its appearance is ignored. It works in the same way as the ocarina, but it's played like a flute. A schematic and standardized realization is not possible, because bovine horns naturally differ from each other.